MTTV: Multiscale Tikhonov-Total Variation Image Restoration Using Spatially Varying Edge Coherence Exponent
V. B. Surya Prasath*, D. Vorotnikov$, Rengarajan Pelapur*, Shani Jose*,
*Computational Imaging and Visualization Analysis Lab, Department of Computer Science, University of Missouri-Columbia, USA
$Department Mathematics, University of Coimbra, Portugal
#U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 USA
Edge preserving regularization using partial differential equation (PDE)-based methods although extensively studied and widely used for image restoration, still have limitations in adapting to local structures. We propose a spatially adaptive multiscale variable exponent-based anisotropic variational PDE method that overcomes current shortcomings, such as over smoothing and staircasing artifacts, while still retaining and enhancing edge structures across scale. Our innovative model automatically balances between Tikhonov and total variation (TV) regularization effects using scene content information by incorporating a spatially varying edge coherence exponent map constructed using the eigenvalues of the filtered structure tensor. The multiscale exponent model we develop leads to a novel restoration method that preserves edges better and provides selective denoising without generating artifacts for both additive and multiplicative noise models. Mathematical analysis of our proposed method in variable exponent space establishes the existence of a minimizer and its properties. The discretization method we use satisfies the maximum-minimum principle which guarantees that artificial edge regions are not created. Extensive experimental results using synthetic, and natural images indicate that the proposed multiscale Tikhonov-TV (MTTV) and dynamical MTTV methods perform better than many contemporary denoising algorithms in terms of several metrics, including signal-to-noise ratio improvement and structure preservation. Promising extensions to handle multiplicative noise models and multichannel imagery are also discussed.
Restoration ResultsComing Soon!
Results for different noise levels, stopping criteria, data-sets, error metrics, SSIM maps, and denoised images (Coming Soon)
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V. B. S. Prasath, D. Vorotnikov, R. Pelapur, S. Jose, K. Palaniappan, G. Seetharaman. Multiscale Tikhonov-total variation image restoration using spatially varying edge coherence exponent
. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 24(12), 5220-5235, Dec 2015.